The History of the Pea Coat
The Pea Coat is a typical double-breasted coat with a sporty attitude and generally made of thick cloth of blue or black color.
The history of Pea Coat is deeply rooted in the military. In 1700 the Dutch naval army was at the peak of its power and at that time, to fight the frigid temperatures of the country and on the open sea, a new garment was designed to heat the sailors even in the most adverse weather conditions.
Etymologically, the term comes from "pijjakker", a word that was taken from the Dutch language to identify a coat in coarse wool fabric (pijj in fact means coarse and heavy wool, while jakker stands for the English jacket, then changed to Coat from English)
While the Dutch are credited with having invented the Pea Coat, it was the British Navy in the late nineteenth century that had the merit of popularizing the jacket: in 1857 Mr. Camplin, supplier of the Royal Navy, adopted the pea coat as the official uniform of the British Navy.
Then at the beginning of the twentieth century, the garment spread in the United States Navy, which adopted it at the beginning for sailors involved in the maneuvers of sailing ships.
The cinema has favored the diffusion of the Pea Coat among the general public, making it worn by many famous actors such as, for example, Gregory Peck in "Moby Dick " (1956), Steve McQueen in "The Sand Pebbles" (1966), Robert Redford in "Three Days of the Condor" (1975) and many others.
In conclusion, we can certainly say that the Pea Coat has entered the male and female wardrobe of several generations, giving that austere but romantic image that belongs to the sailor uniforms.